Earth

Toxics know no boundaries

Because toxic pollution is a problem without national boundaries, chemicals are an issue for international negotiation and have been so for decades. More than 50 regional and international agreements on chemicals and waste management have been adopted by governments.

Some key global treaties are:

  • The London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (adopted in 1972, entered into force 1975)
  • The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (adopted in 1987, entered into force 1989)
  • The Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous and Other Wastes (adopted in1989, entered into force 1992)
  • The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (adopted in 1998, entered into force 2004)
  • The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants – POPs (adopted in 2001, entered into force 2004)
  • The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management – SAICM (adopted in 2006)