Step 3. Find alternative

Is the alternative safer?

Aim: Find an alternative that can replace the EDC.

The initial step is to decide upon criteria for hazard properties to determine if the alternative is safer than the chemical you want to substitute.

There is no universal approach to determine safer. Different companies and organisations handle this in different ways in order to avoid regrettable substitution. The most common approaches to determine if an alternative is safer are:

  • Hazard lists
  • Available assessments and methods
  • Own or existing hazard criteria
  • A combination of approaches

Criteria for substances of very high concern:

  • Chemicals with CMR properties
  • Chemicals with EDC properties
  • Chemicals with PBT/vPvB properties
  • Chemicals with PMT properties
  • Chemicals on the SIN List
  • Respiratory sensitizers

Resource to determine safety:

After having assured that the alternative is safer, to be viable, you also need to consider:

  • Performance of the alternative
  • Price of the alternative
  • Availability of the alternative
  • Environmental aspects such as emissions, energy, water use, and waste