This study explains the functioning of REACH and examines the socio-economic impact on the developing countries with special focus on the ACP States, in particular on South Africa, Mozambique, Jamaica, Ghana and Tanzania. It investigates possible changes in the patterns of competitiveness and trade flows, the role of multinationals compared to local producers, access to information and costs and benefits of REACH.
This report includes the three survays “A Survey on Existing Chemicals Legislation in Belarus”, “A survey of chemicals management policy of the Russian Federation” and “A Survey of policies and laws on chemicals’ management in Ukraine.
How can science and policy making support each other for the best possible results? Sometimes it is not possible withing the policy making procedurs to wait for definitive proof, this can mean exposing people to an avoidable hazard, with potentiallydevastating effects. When science is being used to help make policy decisions, precision is not the only goal. This booklet focues on the principle of precaution within the legislative processes – it’s all about making intelligent decisions under uncertainty.
The knowledge about the tens of thousands of industrial chemicals in commerce is still very limited. In most cases we lack even basic information about the hazards and risks, and no comprehensive system is in place to ensure protection from harm. This booklet highlights and describes the problem with toxics, from how to understand the risks to how to find the solutions, A key in a new strategy is the precautionary principle, which urges us to take early actions to prevent harmful effects even when relations between cause and effect are not fully scientifically proven.